Climate of India


Climate of India

Geographical position

The primary part of the area of India ( *india evisa) is in the sub equatorial region. The main feature of this place is tropical monsoons. Summer monsoon from the Indian Ocean gives down pours to India. They heighten in early June on the western coastline and in mid-June on the east coast. Whenever moving over the Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal, the monsoons are saturating with moisture and also move around in a northwest direction.


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Monsoon period

Rising above the Western Ghats and Assam Mountains, monsoons move at a pace of 5-7 m/s, leading to heavy rainfall. Thunder storms fall on the hills of the mountains in June. Yet later they calm down, and during the time from late September to mid-October rain falls commonly, stop. From November to March, the dry northeastern monsoon blows from the land side. It makes the climate cold and sun-drenched.


Weather seasons

Based on data on thermal conditions, precipitation, as well as winds, we can separate the calendar year in to three major weather seasons.

In November – February, when the northeastern monsoon dominates, it is chilly and sunshiny. In March, the temperature slowly rises.The dry period lasts from the end of March to June. By the end of June, the humidity goes up. And also the climate of Indian plains gets rainy.The period from July to mid-September will be the summer monsoon period. This is a period of wet tropical weather. The south-westerly winds combine with high temperatures.October is a transitional period. The air humidity is high because of evaporation from the surface of the fields. Nevertheless the rains stop.


Contrast climate

There are differences in temperature and also weather in several portions of India. The country covers a large region, and every location has yet another terrain. Hence, in the Thardesert, the annual precipitation doesn’t exceed 100 mm. And at Cherapun jistation in the Khashi Mountains, it is up to 10 770 mm of rainfall a year. It is among the wettest areas on Earth.

The monsoon climate is attribute of the coast of the Arabian Sea. The coldest time period is from December to February. Simultaneously, there is much less rain. The hottest time is from May to June. Yet even high temperatures are tolerated very easily since the air is dry, relative humidity, even in the morning, does not go over 60%. Winds boost clouds of dust and also change the horizon a dirty yellow.

The onset of the monsoon in June starts off with the increased wind and cloud cover. The period lasts until September. Throughout most days of the month, it rains often and lightly. The month to month rainfall in the wettest month – July is much greater than 600 mm. Cloudy weather decreases the temperature by 3-5 degrees.


Himalayan climate

In the mountains of the Himalayas, the climate depends on the height above sea level. Soat altitudes through 1500 to 2300 meters, from December to February, the average minimum temp is from 0 to -3C (25 to 32F), and also the average maximum heat is +4 to +8C (40 to 45F).
The hottest time of the year lasts from June to August: the average minimum temperatureis +14 to +18C (55 to 65F), the average maximum temperatureis +29 to +30C (84 to 86F). Summer time monsoon does not appear here. The smallest amount of rainfall is from September to November (25-35 mm per month), the highest in March (about 100 mm). As you can see, the weather of India varies based on the location, its distance from the Ocean, as well as its altitude. We could not compare Himalayan climate to other portions of India. These hills are very high and have a unique weather.

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